الأخلاق البروتستانتية وروح الرأسمالية

  • Title: الأخلاق البروتستانتية وروح الرأسمالية
  • Author: Max Weber محمد علي مقلد ماكس فيبر
  • ISBN: null
  • Page: 114
  • Format: Paperback
  • .

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      Published :2018-011-07T04:04:10+00:00

    About “Max Weber محمد علي مقلد ماكس فيبر”

    1. Max Weber محمد علي مقلد ماكس فيبر

      Arabic Maximilian Carl Emil Weber was a German lawyer, politician, historian, sociologist and political economist, who profoundly influenced social theory and the remit of sociology itself His major works dealt with the rationalization, bureaucratization and disenchantment associated with the rise of capitalism Weber was, along with his associate Georg Simmel, a central figure in the establishment of methodological antipositivism presenting sociology as a non empirical field which must study social action through resolutely subjective means.

    457 thoughts on “الأخلاق البروتستانتية وروح الرأسمالية”

    1. I think you could get away with reading just chapter five of this one - that is where the guts of the argument is. It is not that the rest of the book is completely uninteresting, but it is much less interesting. It is in this final chapter that the real thesis is worked out. A thumbnail version goes like this. There appears to be lots more Protestant capitalists than there are Catholic ones. Also, Protestant countries tend to be more economically developed than Catholic ones - so why? Marxism w [...]


    2. One of the central disputes in Protestantism had long been that between the Calvinists and the Arminians. The Calvinist believed that every person had been chosen by God in the beginning to be either saved or damned, and that there was nothing anybody could do to change his decision. These “elect” individuals could not be certain of their salvation, but they might be identified by their tendency to live lives of piety and goodness. In contrast, the followers of Arminius thought that each ind [...]


    3. For years we have been assaulted by politicians and religious leaders preaching the Christian "work ethic," yet I find little justification, if any, for the concept anywhere in the New Testament. I happened to be discussing this with my dad a while ago, who also happens to be one of the smartest people I know, and he recommended Weber’s book. First published in 1905, it provoked considerable controversy. Weber's thought was grounded in a belief that history is of critical portance to the socia [...]


    4. Protestantism is ballin'.Amazing how much this book is about the hustler spirit: dude who'd buy in bulk, talk to his customers and push volume, figure out how to innovate to make a better product. Break with tradition. And apparently protestant women are very best at innovating, so says Weber.Weber basically writes to Marx at a couple points, referring to "materialist" theories, basically saying that Southern US plantations had all the time and talk of capitalists but the northern homesteaders g [...]


    5. الكتاب يقدم فكرة عميقة حول علاقة البروتستانتيةبالرأسمالية الغربيةو قد قرأت الفكرة قبل ذلك في كتاب ،المسيري(دراسات معرفية في الحداثة الغربية) بشكل أكثر وضوحاً وتنظيماً ،بل وتطوراً وتركيباً، وهي هنا بتفاصيل كثيرة عن المذهب البروتستانتي وشعائره وطقوسهما خرجت منه من هذا الكت [...]


    6. Even now, this is a profoundly interesting and detailed book, being the foundation of economic sociology, and is of considerable use today.The main thesis is that several Christian denominations, mainly Calvinists, etc believed that economic and social prosperity has a religious basis - that God has bestowed the gifts of success to these people, and therefore this should be imitated. Hence the Protestant Work Ethic - a religiously sanctioned form of capitalism.As the prominence of religion waxed [...]


    7. Protestants are truly enlightened. And their school of thought is the basis of western civilization today. I am a Muslim but out of fairness, I admire them.


    8. In “The Protestant Ethic and the ‘Spirit’ of Capitalism,” Max Weber explores the relationship between certain religious characteristics of Protestantism and the “spirit,” or “ethos”, of capitalism. He argues certain sects of Protestantism, primarily Calvinism, played a central role in capitalism’s eventual cultural dominance. Weber begins with the observation that Protestants overwhelmingly comprise the business elite and skilled labor force in comparison to Catholics. Accordin [...]


    9. This book has and continues to recieve positive acclaim. However, Weber's work is not only Euro-centric and anti-Catholic, but relies on the use of a dichotamous inclusive-exclusive framework of logic. At the introduction of the text, the author endeavours to demonstrate the uniqueness of ‘Western’ civilization relative to others as well as emphasize its alleged “universal significance and value” . At first glance, being different and universal appears to be paradoxical. However, the aut [...]


    10. It didn't exactly impress me nor did it convince me. I found Weber's notion of an "innocent" and idealistic capitalism where profit is not the objective and the entrepreneurs should work for the uninterrupted trading of goods and capital, totally utopian. It does not apply to our time and age, where capitalists have shown their true colours and their one and only concern: profit, whatever the cost.So, The Protestant Ethic probably teaches us what good ideas can turn into. It is difficult to get [...]


    11. I read this book as a challenge that evolved out of a heated argument I had in a bar with a friend on the socioeconomic side-effects of religion.Although Max Weber is acclaimed as, among others, a sociologist, I must say that this book is anything but sociology. It is a heap of anecdotal short stories which might as well have been cherry-picked by an uninformed child. No statistics, no control groups, no systematic studies, nothing which would pass for even a semblance of science in 2017.That be [...]


    12. Dans "L'éthique protestante et l'esprit du capitalisme" Max Weber examine une mentalité favourable au développement du capitalisme qui est née dans les populations protestantes aux pays anglophones et germanophones pendant la Réforme (1517 - 1648 C.E.) Aux yeux de Weber, ce n'était pas la montée du capitalisme qui a crée une religion pro-capitaliste protestante. Plutôt, c'était une nouvelle idéologie protestante qui a donné naissance au capitalisme industriel modern.Weber examine tou [...]


    13. این کتاب تجربه یک متن کلاسیک به تمام معنا بود. از نظر من یک متن به واسطه ظرایف، دقایق و نکات غامضی که در برداره بدل به چیزی میشه که میتوان مکررا به آن رجوع کرد و هر بار تفسیر نوینی ازش ارایه کرد و بهره تازه ای ازش برداشت. فارغ از موضوع مورد تحلیل روش وبر سرنوشت سازه که میشه ازش به [...]


    14. Max Weber (1864 – 1920),escreveu “A Ética Protestante e o Espírito do Capitalismo”, onde questionou o marxismo e o positivismo!!!Foi ousado ao romper cânones tradicionaisProdutivo.Estudioso."Tocou" várias vertentes do saber"Colapsou-se" com a vida que teve,acompanhada da depressão :(Político sem vocaçãoNunca se perdoouRetomou a vida académica.Pesquisou e repensou.Repensou-seResignou-se e desistiu.Desencantou-se.Rendeu-se.Quebrou e morreu*


    15. One exceptionally glaring omission - in this otherwise keen survey - is how and why (if at all) Protestantism was part and parcel of the separation from workers from the means of production and the development of the market in labor power. How did it justify this? Why did it justify it? Or did it simply not recognize this event (ideology)? While it's certainly true that Protestantism is the ideal religion to augment capitalism in society, Weber, in tracing the development from Luther, to Calvin, [...]


    16. همه فرهنگ جدید یعنی ’’شیوه زندگی عقلانی بر مبنای ایده شغل به عنوان تکلیف‘‘ که از روحیه ریاضت کشی مسیحی زاده شد.از متن کتاب


    17. أعجز عن تذكر أول مرة تعرفت فيها على ماكس فيبر، والمصدر الذي وضعه إزائي، ولكنني منذ تلك اللحظة الأولى شغقت به. ولا زالت أفكار فيبر من الأكثر تأثيرا علي، وحفرا في طريقة تفكيري، حتى هذه اللحظة. وهذا الكتاب: الأخلاق البروتستانتية وروح الرأسمالية، وهو عمل فيبر الأهم، هو، بلا شك، م [...]


    18. Ai naibii de grea cartea, mai ales pentru o minte profană. Stilul lui e Weber e groaznic, cu fraze extrem de întortocheate, ceea ce face urmărirea firului ideii foarte dificilă. O bună parte din carte se axează pe analiza dogmelor diverselor curente protestante, iar dacă nu știi prea multe despre ele, argumentarea lui Weber e un vîrtej în care te pierzi și nu mai înțelegi nimic. Ideea de bază e însă interesantă și trebuie înțeleasă în toată specificitatea ei, de unde și m [...]


    19. 'Çünkü 'azizlerin ebedi huzuru' öte dünyadadır; fakat kutsanmışlıklarını garanti edebilmek için insanlar bu dünyada 'gündüz olduğu sürece onları gönderenin işlerini yapacaklardır.' Tanrının kendi şanını arttırma ile ilgili açıkça görülen dileğine, boş zaman ve zevk ile değil, sadece çalışma ile hizmet edilir. Zamanı boşa harcama bütün günahlar içinde ilk ve ilkece en ağır olanıdır. İnsanın kendi mesleğini 'kesinleştireceği' yaşam süresi çok [...]


    20. This review concerns the Norton Critical Edition of Weber's work. The Protestant Ethic is a dramatic, seductive, original work that, despite its controversial premise, deserves an edition such as this. The edition employs the classic 1930 Parsons translation along with the translator's preface. The text is left almost entirely unchanged. The editor occasionally modifies a footnote to clarify a cross reference or explain a foreign phrase left untranslated. A glossary of key terms or controversial [...]


    21. It's less scary that I find this book intellectually inspiring than that I find that it speaks to me on a personal level:"The Puritan wanted to work in calling; we are forced to do so. For when asceticism was carried out of monastic cells into everyday life, and began to dominate worldly morality, it did its part in building the tremendous cosmos of the modern economic order. This order is now bound to the technical and economic conditions of machine production which today determine the lives of [...]


    22. Bit racist to be honest. Kind of promotes this idea of European/American Protestant superiority, which makes sense the more you learn about Weber's personal life, but doesn’t really appeal to me. Firstly because I’m a Catholic, and secondly because I amn’t a racist.I studied Weber last year in college, along with Marx and Durkheim. While Marx and Durkheim both had some good points going for them, Weber was just a dope. Even his research wasn’t always properly conducted. I get that he’s [...]


    23. Although this is very Eurocentric, it was ground-breaking at the time. Also, it is fascinating to look at the connections between religious beliefs and social practices. Having lived in Italy definitely brought me face to face with my own Calvinist origins, and the black and white vision that that philosophy brings with it.


    24. Webber describes one of the mechanisms of modernity or more precisely influencing factors of capitalisms as the protestant ethic or as he puts it the ethic of greed. What he points out is that along with the development of capitalism so also a set of ethical standards developed conducive to these goals of capitalism.


    25. Apparently won't let me review multiple translations of the same work (?). I started with the Talcott Parsons translation, and although I admire his work, he is not a gifted translator. I'm switching to the Penguin Classics edition translated by Peter Baehr.





    26. وبر در این کتاب ابتدا منظورش از «اخلاق پروتستان» را شرح می‌دهد و سپس مرادش از «روح سرمایه‌داری»‌را، و سپس به ارتباط این دو می‌پردازد. در واقع، این اثر درمجموع تلاش می‌کند نشان دهد که روح سرمایه‌داری، به‌عنوان نوعی اخلاق اقتصادی، از کجا و از چه ریشه‌های فکری و ایدئولوژیکی [...]


    27. this book was somewhat difficult to get through because of the footnotes (i have trouble with footnotes), once you get that point though, it’s a fantastic book. it discusses why the capitalist system we have now, and the morality we have now is the way it is. we have all heard of the protestant ethic yes? it is that you must work hard, without pleasuring yourself too much, for the sake of pleasing god. working as hard as you can allows a person to ‘most effectively’ utilize the gifts god h [...]


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